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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 23, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. the man suspected of driving a truck into a berlin christmas market has been shot dead by police outside a train station in italy. israel takes aim at the obama administration after the u.s. refuses to veto a vote demanding a halt to the israeli settlements on occupied palestinian land. and from staged photographs to selfies, the u.s. presidential campaign has always been a clicked on affair. a new exhibit explores the message behind iconic images.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the suspect in monday's attack on a berlin christmas market has been killed by police in italy. anis amri, who had evaded capture for four days, was killed in milan during a shootout with officers. 212 people died and around 50 others wounded when a truck was driven into a crowd in the german capital. authorities warned that he may have had accomplices. from berlin, our europe correspondent reports. reporter: anis amri's brief, violent life as a terrorist ended here, in an exchange of gunfire on the edge of milan. hunted, she managed to flee 1000 kilometers 1000 managed to flee
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kilometers south of berlin. after 3:00 in the morning, acting suspiciously, he was stopped by 2 officers and tried to shoot them. >> at that moment the man, without hesitating, pulled out a pistol and fired towards the policemen who asked for identity documents. the officers reacted immediately. the one who was hit is recovering in hospital. his condition is not life-threatening. reporter: and this has been released by the so-called islamic state, a recording made in berlin by anis amri sometime before the attack. he pledges his allegiance to i.s. it is now believed that the 24-year-old tunisian may have been radicalized after he arrived in europe, perhaps during the four years he spent in jail in italy. german security services knew he was a threat. but he talked of buying guns, not using a truck. so how did he get all the way to italy? this is what we know about his movements. at 8:00 p.m. on monday he attacked the christmas market, then vanished. but managed to get to france.
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from there, a train ticket shows he traveled to turin and then to milan central station, arriving at 1:00 in the morning. finally, he took the metro to the last stop, where he was shot. chancellor merkel: at the end of this week, we can be relieved that one acute threat has come to an end, but the general threat posed by terrorism will continue. we will do our utmost to make a sure our state is a strong state. reporter: germany is now trying to root out radical islamic networks. we visited this place a short distance from where anis amri's new video was recorded. this is one of the places that anis amri was known to frequent in the months he was in berlin. it is a residential complex, but the reason he would come here, what used to be a mosque, it was closed down and became a meeting point for radical islamists. one of the neighbors told us that small groups of young men
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continued to use the building . they would meet late at night, apparently discussing attacks. >> of course it was dangerous. when the men sit here and fantasize about carrying out attacks, yes, i was worried. my children and my family live here. reporter: with the immediate danger apparently over, berlin has gathered for a memorial this evening by the brandenburg gate. >> no matter what, we are all one. our people come together and think of the victims. reporter: germany is a country confronting a reality that faces it faces new and hidden threats. a brief time ago, i spoke to our reporter in berlin. we just heard in your report angela merkel saying that the general threat remains.
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how are berliners adjusting to the new reality? reporter: well, i think, jane, it's very interesting. if you look behind me, the christmas market is now shuttered for the evening. earlier it was open again, it was working again, but the crowds here, as you would expect, far lower than usual. that is one way that berliners are responding. they are being more cautious. equally, as you saw in my report, there was that concert today and people going and saying they wanted to be seen gathering as normal. in one sense there's caution. on the other hand, there is a stoicism or resolve that this, which you have to remember, is the first mass casualty attack that germany has had of this sort, will not change people's lives. there is a resolve to show that, too. jane: what about the investigation itself and the warning that anis amri could have had accomplices? damian: well, i think there are
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very many questions and that is what the german government was saying today about the attack. did he have help to organize it? who radicalized him? where did he get a weapon which he used to shoot the lorry driver dead, and if it was the same weapon, tried to use in milan? who, if anyone, may have helped him afterwards to escape? all of those are questions for the investigation to look at. broader than that is the question of radical islamic networks within germany. we know that there is something like 500 people identified by german security services as potential threats. amri was one of those, but they viewed him as not a dangerous enough threat to keep under surveillance. so what about those other threats? do they need to reconsider? i'm sure they will look at the other people they have under -- on their lists. and the broader question of the
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systemic issues. angela merkel talking about that. particularly the issue she pointed out about deporting those who do not have the right to stay here. she indicated they would get tougher about that. with theian in berlin very latest on the investigation. thank you. now to the u.n., where it has been a day of high drama over a resolution demanding that israel stop building settlements on occupied palestinian territory. the issue was brought up by egypt and drew criticism from president-elect donald trump, was withdrawn. today it reemerged and the obama administration broke with tradition. instead of vetoing the measure, the u.s. abstained, allowing the measure to pass. u.s.li officials and many lawmakers from both parties were quick to condemn the move. as for mr. trump, he tweeted that from january 20, the day he is sworn in, things will be very different at the u.n.
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a brief time ago i discussed it with our state department correspondent. the u.s. has always supported israel. why did they break with tradition and fail to veto this vote? reporter: well, it was a question of whether they would continue protecting israel at the u.n., which is what they traditionally do, because they believe the u.n. is biased against israel, or they are concerned about the settlement policy in occupied territory, the west bank and east jerusalem. it was the latter that came out stronger because the obama administration, like others, feel that the settlement policy is such that it needs a two-state solution -- that is, a viable palestinian state as part of a peace deal, no longer viable or won't become viable. they chose not to veto the resolution for that reason. this is the end of the obama administration and one of his last chances to put a marker on this issue. jane: what has been israel's reaction?
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barbara: very angry. we had a statement from prime minister benjamin netanyahu in which he not only accused u.s. of failing to protect israel from what he called a gang-up at the u.n. but says they colluded in it. he said there is no chance that the israelis will implement this resolution, and said we are looking forward to a new administration under donald trump, and i can see why because mr. trump has been supportive. in fact, he tweeted that things will be different after january 20 when he takes office. jane: what could he mean by that? reporter: like all things with mr. trump, we don't know, but he has come forward as a very strong supporter of the right-wing israeli government. he has not mentioned things the obama administration has tried to do with a peace deal -- two state solution, viable palestinian state. he did not mention a palestinian state at all. he has appointed an ambassador
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who is quite hard-line, pro-settlement. it looks like whatever influence he will try to have will be taking the side of israel. jane: he also says he wants to move the embassy to jerusalem. what impact is that likely to have? barbara: interesting question because many other u.s. administrations coming in have said the same thing. the u.s. embassy in tel aviv should be moved to jerusalem because that is what israelis regard as the capital. they have to have negotiations and at the moment it is an international zone. if mr. trump does decide to move it, it will trigger opposition from the palestinians, arabs, international community. when actual effect it will have in the middle east, we don't know. jane: we never know. thank you very much indeed for joining me. let's look at other news. willeurope's biggest banks
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make multibillion dollar payments to u.s. authorities to settle disputes over the sale of mortgage backed securities. they contributed to the u.s. housing market collapse in the run-up to the global financial crisis in 2008. deutsche bank has agreed to pay $7.2 billion, and credit suisse will pay more than $5 billion. hasa's president xi jinping praised hong kong's leader for trying to curb an independence movement that gathers support in the territory. he said he had protected the country's sovereignty and interests that he made the comments just before meeting him in beijing. president vladimir putin says he does not want to see a new arms race with the united states but will develop new defensive missiles if necessary. speaking at his end of year news conference, which stretched for nearly four hours, mr. putin voiced hope in forging stronger relations with the u.s. under president trump. and he denied any involvement in hacking in the american presidential election campaign. from moscow, steve rosenberg
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reports. steve: he is always confident, but is he a little confused? as vladimir putin met the world media today, there were mixed signals from across the atlantic. donald trump saber rattling one moment and talking friendship the next. the kremlin leader said he hoped he and america's new president would work together to improve relations. it is not so simple. russia says it is modernizing its nuclear missile potential, while today donald trump reportedly said "let it be an arms race. we will outlast them at every -- outmatched them at every pass." so would the kremlin respond? well, putting a question to the president is not easy when there are 1000 of you and just one of him. but he took my question.
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are you not concerned, though, that there is a danger of a new arms race if america is talking about boosting its nuclear arsenal? president putin: the basis for a new arms race was there already, after the u.s. pulled out of the anti-ballistic missile treaty and started to create a missile shield. either we had to build our own ,shield or as we are doing, developing weapons to penetrate theirs. this wasn't our choice. steve: that it near -- vladimir putin made it clear today that if there is to be a new arms race, that is not russia's fault, and he delivered a defined message that russia is stronger than any potential aggressor. and that goes for cyberspace, too. russia has been accused of punching -- launching cyberattacks against america, even using hacking to defeat hillary clinton. >> mr. president, your country has been accused of state-sponsored hacking with the
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aim of influencing the results of the u.s. presidential election. president obama revealed that he told you personally to cut it out. what did you tell him in response? steve: the president refused to say, dismissing all talk of hacking as sour grapes from the democratic party. president putin: those inside always try to pass the buck. they would do better to look at the problems among themselves. steve: but tough talk does not solve domestic problems. the russian economy is still struggling, not just because of sanctions. low oil prices have hit hard an economy reliant on exporting energy. to many here, stagnation breeds pessimism. >> they see growing problems with living standards. they see that the health system is crumbling and collapsing. they see inflation.
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they see the forecast of the government that russia will survive into the next 20 years in a state of stagnation. steve: and that is one reason the kremlin is counting on donald trump, hoping he will ease sanctions against moscow. russia wants to be seen as a global player. but if president putin does not mend the cracks in the economy, he may be building a superpower on thin ice. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, campaign photographs are nothing new, but the digital age has changed the game. we look at the images past and present. the hijacking of a libyan plane to malta has ended peacefully. controln who seized freed those on board and surrender to the authorities. it appears the hijackers were
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supporters of the late former leader mohammed get off the -- muammar gaddafi. reporter: so terrifying for the passengers on board, the hijacking of a libyan state owned your lender appears more stunt than a terrorist -- airliner appears more a stunt than a terrorist incident. it was forced by 2 men on board today for to malta. they told the crew that they had a hand grenade and threatened to blow up the plane. pro-qaddafi claims were made by the hijackers, with one waving a flag reselling that of coffee -- resembling that of muammar gaddafi's state. away,ssengers were taken with the flight attendants following. >> they were asked to surrender any weapons in their possession. they were found to be in possession of a hand grenade and a pistol.
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nevertheless, the armed forces of malta are currently conducting a full search on the aircraft and a second pistol has been found so far. the search is ongoing. wereter: hijackers apprehended on the tarmac and taken into custody. libya's government says they wanted to set up a broken coffee political party -- set up a pro-qaddafi political party. they will want to know how they got on board the plane with grenades to even replicas. it is evident that in libya, airport security is as lax and chaotic as the country's politics. jane: from "moneyball" to "the
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michael lewis is experienced at turning conflict stories into bestsellers and blockbusters. in his new book, he tells the story of daniel kahnemen and amos tversky, who pioneered behavioral economics, how psychology and economics affect decisions. i spoke to him about this somewhat unlikely duo. michael lewis, you have written about so many hot button issues and such a range of topics. why on earth did you decide for your next book to write about 2 israeli psychologists? michael: well, when i realized that danny kahneman and amos tversky, their work on the way the human mind had trouble dealing with uncertainty and made systematic misjudgments, a kind of infected all the stuff i had done before. i didn't feel this was so far off my beaten path. their work helps explain what
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goes on in financial crises and and also stories like "moneyball." jane: but how does it do that? --re is one floatation quotation, they changed the way people think about how people think. what does that mean? michael: they were the first to systematically explore the mistakes people make, the uncertain situation, a judgment of who to hire for a job or what investment to make or who to vote for for president. they show that people systematically do make mistakes, and that instead of thinking probabilistically about the world, people tell stories, and the way they tell stories is warped by the way memory works, by the fact they think in stereotypes, all sorts of things that these guys explore. that is a big deal. it means that if people can be systematically wrong, markets can be systematically wrong.
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jane: it sounds as if this could have turned into a self-help book about decision-making, but actually, the story is their relationship, isn't it? this extraordinary relationship. they were soul mates. michael: there is no question i have no interest in writing a self-help book, and if all i had were nuggets of the insights, i would not have had a story. these are two men who fell in love with each other -- not in a sexual way, but the relationship, as their wives acknowledge, was more intense than their marriages. it is because of the feelings for each other that they bothered to do the work they did. their minds matched in some strange, alchemical way that led them to do work together that neither of them could have done alone. jane: but they were very, very different. michael: oh, my god, they were felix and oscar. they were so different that even their fellow israelis looked at them at the least likely to be
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friends. one is new, one is an optimist. one is a poetic mind, the others is a pure logician. one is a child of the holocaust and all that entails. the other is this kind of spartan warrior, first son of israel. they were radically different and in theory not particularly fond of the kind of person the other one was, but in practice in love with each other. jane: how did that actually work? sounds like they were heading for a divorce rather than a match made in heaven. michael: well, the story does have a tragic and sad ending -- the love affair did end. but what kept them engaged with each other, the mind of the other filled a gap in their minds. danny kahneman, his mind is a welter of ideas. but he has trouble organizing them and seeing which ones are good and which ones are bad. he has trouble having the confidence to put them down on
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paper. and amos tversky did not have a lot of time for complicated and messy people, but if they were complicated and messy in a spectacular way, he fit them into his life, and danny was the most spectacular complicated person. jane: michael lewis, thank you for joining us. michael: thanks for having me. jane: as 2016 draws to a close, the u.s. presidential election will undoubtedly go down as one of the most memorable events of the year. a new photo exhibit in new york explores how the candidates have shaped images over the years. we went to have a look. >> we are at the international center for photography at the exhibition, "winning the white house," that takes a look at the last five to six decades of u.s. presidential campaign photography and traces the relationship between how candidates shaped their personas and development in the media. the idea is the visual image in the media is how presidential candidates portray their
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personas to the public as members of the public typically don't interact with the candidate. the way that members of the public understand the candidate is through the media, television and photography and newspapers and periodicals and up through the present through the internet and social media. each candidate conveys through photography what they want voters to understand in different ways that are relevant at the time of the candidacy. john f. kennedy really portraying his charisma, the energy of his supporters. ronald reagan is portraying himself as a movie version of what we would expect the president to be. bill clinton used photography to cast himself as a rock star with kennedy-like charisma and appeal to young voters. barack obama similarly was using photography to project himself as a young, relatable candidate. these photographs are meant to address the fact that both candidates in 2016 were national public figures for decades prior to their candidacy.
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the juxtaposition of 2 photographs is surprisingly relevant to the way the candidates attempted to portray themselves in 2016. you have hillary clinton trying to seem soft and relatable, when the american public found her to be a complicated figure because she had a career in her own right and wasn't a traditional first lady. and donald trump, as host of "the apprentice," was trying to portray himself as tough businessman. those personas ended up how they portray themselves in the 2016 election as well. while candidates may spend a lot of effort controlling their image, the advent of digital photography and smartphone photography leads to a situation where candidates have less control over their image than they might like with amateur photographers having a say in the conversation. jane: and i wonder how they will look in 2020. there's a thought.
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for thek we will be off holidays, but our colleagues in london will bring you all the latest in international news each night could from all of us here, thank you very much for watching and see you back here in the new year. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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